The state of emergency was instituted in Romania for a period of 30 days as of 16 March 2020 (i.e. the date when Decree No. 195/2020 establishing the state of emergency in Romania was published in the Official Gazette).
We have included below a short review of the main measures provided by the state of emergency decree from an employment law perspective:
- Measures for the social protection of employees and their families in the economic sectors where the activity is affected or halted totally or partially by decisions of public authorities, during the emergency state, shall be established by way of order of minister of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection;
- Private companies will implement work from home or telework during the state of emergency, where possible, by employer’s unilateral decision;
- Inspections of the Territorial Labour Inspectorates at employers shall be suspended, except for specific cases expressly provided under the Decree (i.e. inspections ordered by the ministry of labour and social protection, inspections ordered by the Labour Inspection for the enforcement of the decisions of the National Committee for Special Emergency Situations, necessary inspections for events having an increased degree of social danger and inspections for investigating work accidents);
- The validity of the Collective Bargaining Agreements and of the collective agreements (Romanian: acorduri colective) shall be maintained during the emergency state.
Furthermore, the Decree expressly provides that (i) measures may be adopted for supporting the economic operators affected by COVID-19 and (ii) the Govern may support the employers and the employees affected by the effects of COVID-19 crisis, by way of derogation from general legal provisions in force.
In addition to the above, considering school closing given the COVID-19 pandemic, the Romanian Parliament passed Law No. 19/2020 on granting paid leave to parents for child surveillance, in case of temporary closing of education establishments, as further amended and supplemented by Emergency Ordinance no. 30/2020 (“Law 19/2020”) and the Government adopted the Government Decision No. 217/2020 for the implementation of Law 19/2020 (“Implementation Norms”), including the following measures:
- the respective parents must have children aged up to 12 years or children with disabilities aged up to 18 years registered with an educational establishment; and
- the parents’ job does not allow working from home or teleworking;
The term “parent” within the meaning of Law 19/2020 is wider and includes also, for example: the adopter, the person entrusted with the child / children for adoption purposes, the parent or the legal representative of the adult with disabilities registered with an educational establishment;